Bioenergy and Improved Cook stoves
Some projects use biomass to produce electricity in Liberia. Other activities focus on supplying and marketing improved cook stoves that use less charcoal or wood than others.

As a contribution of the Region to the Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL) Initiative, the Ministers of Energy adopted the ECOWAS Bioenergy Strategy framework in October 2012 with a special focus on the promotion of modern bioenergy. The ECOWAS Bioenergy strategy is consistent with the Africa Bioenergy Policy Framework and Guidelines.

Most cooking in Liberia is done with firewood or charcoal, and there are currently hardly any affordable alternatives. However, the stoves that are mostly used are not efficient and use more biomass than necessary, producing smoke and adverse effects for health (fire and smoke can cause e.g., pneumonia, lung cancer, heart disease, low birth-weight, and burn) and the environment (deforestation, air pollution, CO2 emissions). GIZ/EnDev Liberia thus focuses on:

  • -Creating access to improved cookstoves
  • -Promoting an affordable, locally produced stove (the Red Fire Pot)
  • -Test quality and provide advice concerning larger stoves for institutions

Sorlumba, Lapaloe Tembio community, and a neighboring community in Foya district, Lofa county can now lighten their houses with electricity generated by palm oil. Altogether, 205 houses in three communities can receive electricity. The USAID funded project Sorlumba Community Biomass Electricity Pilot Project was started in 2013 by Winrock and is now operated by ARICA.